Pronunciation



Homophones

affect - effect
affect - verb -> to change or influence something or someone
affect - She wanted to affect the students in a way they'd never forget.
effect - noun -> the result of a change or influence
The effect of the performance was stunning.

aisle - isle
aisle - noun -> the walkway, as in a theater
I quickly walked down the aisle and took my seat.
isle - noun -> island
He grew up on the isle of Elba.

allowed - aloud
allowed - past tense of the verb 'to allow' -> to permit
His mother allowed him to stay up late on Saturday.
aloud - adverb -> using the voice, not silently
She read the story aloud.

ate - eight
ate - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to eat'
She ate a quick lunch and returned to work.
eight - number -> the number 8
I bought eight tickets to the concert.

ball - bawl
ball - noun -> a round object used in games and sports
He took a ball to the beach to play with the children.
bawl - verb -> to cry (usually very hard)
Please don't bawl! It's not that bad.

bear - bare
bear - verb -> to stand something
He can't bear exams.
bare - adjective -> naked, without clothing
He stood outside in the rain completely bare.

base - bass
base - noun -> the bottom support of something
I think we need a new base for that lamp.
bass - noun -> the lowest pitches in music, singer of the lowest pitches
I sang bass in the church choir.

billed - build
billed - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to bill'
She billed the clients for $4,000.
build - verb -> to construct
They build houses in Portland, Oregon.

blew - blue
blew - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to blow'
She blew a lot of bubbles at her birthday party.
blue - adjective -> a colour
Her house is painted blue.
board – bored

board - noun -> a plan of wood
I used a board to cover the window.
bored - adjective -> not interested
He was bored by the meeting.

break - brake
break - verb -> to damage something
Unfortunately, I often break my toys!
brake - noun -> stopping device on a vehicle
He used the brake to stop quickly.

buy - bybye
buy - verb -> to purchase
Do they often buy clothes in that shop?
by - preposition -> often used to express the agent in a passive sentence
The song was written by Hammersmith.
bye - noun -> farewell
Bye! I'll see you tomorrow.

capital - capitol
capital - noun -> A town or city that is head of government
Olympia is the capital of Washington state.
capitol - noun -> A building where the government meets
The capitol is a beautiful building.

cell - sell
cell - noun -> a small room, usually in a prison
There are two prisoners per cell in that prison.
sell - verb -> to provide for sale
They sell books and magazines.

cent - scentsent
cent - noun -> 1/100 of a dollar
One cent isn't worth very much.
scent - noun -> an aroma
The scent in the air is fabulous!
sent - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to send'
sent you some pictures last week.

chance - chants
chance - noun -> not on purpose
I saw Mary by chance in California.
chants - noun (plural) -> simple song or melody
We did some grammar chants in class last week.

chews - choose
chews - verb -> third person present singular of the verb 'to chew'
My daughter chews her food well.
choose - verb -> to make a decision from amongst more than one
OK, I choose the red one.

close - clothes
close - verb -> to shut
Please close the door when you come in.
clothes - noun -> articles of clothing
He put on his clothes and left for work.

coarse - course
coarse - adjective -> rough, not smooth
The fabric is rather coarse.
course - noun -> a class in which a subject is studied
The English course will begin next week.

creak - creek
creak - verb -> to squeak (make a high pitch sound)
The doors in the house all creak.
creek - noun -> small stream
The creek winds through the beautiful valley.
days - daze
days - noun -> plural of 'day'
I work five days a week.
daze - noun -> confused state
He walks around in a daze.

dear - deer
dear - adjective -> beloved, often used to begin a letter
My dear Richard, you just don't understand!
deer - noun -> an animal (Bambi - irregular plural: deer)
We saw three deer on our hike in the mountains.

dew - dodue
dew - noun -> light water condensation usually found in the morning
The grass was covered with dew.
do - verb -> to perform
They usually do their homework immediately after school.
due - adjective -> payable
The full payment is due by the end of the month.

facts - fax
facts - noun -> things objectively considered 'true'
The facts pointed to Mr Smith as the criminal.
fax - noun -> a document transmitted via telephone
I sent a fax to the office in Chicago.

fair - fare
fair - adjective -> light skinned, of light complexion
She is fair with long blond hair.
fare - noun -> cost of ticket (generally travel)
I paid fifteen dollars for the fare.

fairy - ferry
fairy - noun -> a magic person or being
The tooth fairy brings $1 for each tooth.
ferry - noun -> a boat that transports cars and other vehicles
We took the ferry to Sardinia last summer.

find - fined
find - verb -> to discover
I often find coins at the beach.
fined - adjective -> charged a penalty
He was fined $50 for illegal parking.

flour - flower
flour - noun -> powdered grain used for cooking
I want to make some cookies. Could you pick up a bag of flour at the supermarket?
flower - noun -> beautiful blooming part of a plant
That flower is beautiful!

for - four
for - preposition
I bought these for you.
four - number -> 4
She wants to bring four friends with her to the party.

foreword - forward
foreword - noun -> introduction to a book
Timothy Leary wrote the foreword to Ken's book.
forward - adjective -> advancing
We moved forward in the line.

gene - jean
gene - noun -> a chromosome
The X gene is responsible for eye colour.
jean - noun -> fabric
Jeans are made of jean.

grease - Greece
grease - noun -> lubricant, fat
He put some grease on the wheel.
Greece - proper noun -> the country
Greece is considered the birthplace of western philosophy.

groan - grown
groan - noun -> low sound expressing displeasure
Students often groan when I announce a test.
grown - verb -> past participle of the verb 'to grow'
My daughter has grown quite a bit this year.

hair - hare
hair - noun -> the collective strands on your head
She's got long brown hair.
hare - noun -> similar to a rabbit
He shot a hare while in the field.

hay - hey
hay - noun -> dried grass often used as food for cattle, horses, etc.
We spent last week collecting hay from the fields.
hey - expression -> shout
Hey! Watch out!

heal - heel
heal - verb -> to cure a disease
Doctors heal thousands of patients a year.
heel - noun -> the back part of the foot or shoe
I hurt my heel playing tennis.

hear - here
hear - verb -> to listen
Did you hear what he said?
here - adverb -> at this place
Is this your book here?

hi - high
hi - salutation -> Hello
Hi! How are you today?
high - adjective -> tall, way up
Mount Rainier is extremely high.

hoarse - horse
hoarse - adjective -> rough voice
Your voice is hoarse. Do you have a cold?
horse - noun -> animal
Cowboy Tom had a horse named Joe.

hole - whole
hole - noun -> round opening
There is a hole in the wall we need to repair.
whole - adjective -> entire
He ate the whole pie!

hour - our
hour - noun -> sixty minutes
It took one hour to finish the exercise.
our - possessive adjective -> belonging to us
That's our house on the corner.

knight - night
knight - noun -> warrior from the middle ages
Arthur was a knight of the round table.
night - noun -> evening to early morning
I went to bed late last night.

knot - naught - not
knot - noun -> fastening in a cord
He tied a knot to secure the rope.
naught - noun -> nothing
His efforts came to naught.
not - adverb -> in no way
It's not her fault.

know - no
know - verb -> to have knowledge
They didn't know where she had studied.
no - adverb -> expresses refusal
No! I don't want to come!

leased - least
leased - verb -> past form of 'lease': to rent
They leased they office for three months.
least - superlative adjective -> the minimum
She was the least successful of the candidates.

loan - lone
loan - verb -> to allow someone to borrow
Can you loan me some money until tomorrow?
lone - adjective -> the only one
She is the lone person who speaks French.

made - maid
made - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to make'
She made me a cup of tea.
maid - noun -> domestic help
The maid cleaned the room.

mail - male
mail - noun -> post
I got a lot of mail today.
male - adjective -> relative to men
His male friends are crazy!

marry - merry
marry - verb -> to join in matrimony
Is a pastor going to marry them?
merry - adjective -> happy
We had a merry time at the pub.

meat - meet
meat - noun -> animal flesh
I really don't like horse meat.
meet - verb -> to see someone, to be introduced
Let's meet next week.

mince - mints
mince - verb -> to chop finely
Can you mince that parsley?
mints - noun plural -> type of sweet
I enjoy After Eight mints.

missed - mist
missed - verb -> past tense of verb 'to miss'
missed the airplane and had to book another flight.
mist - noun -> light fog
Ireland is famous for mist.

morning - mourning
morning - noun -> am
Let's meet tomorrow morning at nine.
mourning - noun -> remember the dead
She was in mourning for three years.

none - nun
none - pronoun -> not one
None of the students came to the party.
nun - noun -> woman of God (Catholic)
The nun helped the children understand the song.

one - won
one - number -> 1
Only one man came to the presentation.
won - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to win'
won a prize at the competition.

pail - pale
pail - noun -> bucket
Use that pail to hold the water.
pale - adjective -> light colored
She looks rather pale.

pear - pair
pear - noun -> a type of fruit
She ate a pear for lunch.
pair - noun -> two (usually matching)
I bought a new pair of shoes last weekend.

patience - patients
patience - noun -> quality of being willing to wait
Success requires a lot of patience.
patients - noun plural -> person treated in a hospital or by a doctor
There are too many patients waiting in the emergency room.

piece - peace
piece - noun -> part of something
I had a piece of pie for dessert.
peace - noun -> the state of no war
We all hope to live in peace.

plain - plane
plain - adjective -> not fancy
The food was rather plain in England.
plane - noun -> short for 'airplane'
The plane took off at six in the morning.

practice - practise
practice - noun -> a period of training generally for sport or music
I went to practice after school was finished.
practise - verb -> to train for music
practise the piano for two hours every day.

rain - reign
rain - noun -> precipitation
I can't stand rain! I prefer sunny weather.
reign - noun -> period of rule
Queen Elizabeth the Second's reign continues to this day.

read - red
read - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to read'
read Rabbit At Rest last week.
red - color
My favorite color is red.

right - write
right - adjective -> correct
That answer is right!
write - verb -> to put something down on paper
I prefer to write my letters in pen.

road - rode
road - noun -> street
I took the country road instead of taking the freeway.
rode - verb -> past tense of the verb 'ride'
He rode a horse last weekend.

rose - rows
rose - noun -> flower
I gave my girlfriend a red rose for her birthday.
rows - noun plural -> horizontal line of something
There are fifteen rows in the theater.

sail - sale
sail - verb -> to go by sailboat
They often sail at weekends.
sale - noun -> selling at reduced prices
Let's go to the sale at the supermarket this afternoon.

scene - seen
scene - noun -> visual location
The scene was set in the south of France.
seen - verb -> past participle of the verb 'to see'
I haven't seen him in years!

sea - see
sea - noun -> large body of water
We took a ferry across the sea.
see - verb -> to visualize
Can you see him over there?

sew - so
sew - verb -> to use needle and thread
Most people don't sew their own clothes.
so - adverb -> to a great extent, very
The test was so difficult I almost failed.

sole - soul
sole - adjective -> the only one
She was the sole person to understand him.
soul - noun -> immortal part of a person
Many people believe that the soul goes to heaven when we die.

son - sun
son - noun -> male child
Our son goes to Harvard!
sun - noun -> the star that lights our solar system
The sun shone bright yesterday.

stair - stare
stair - noun -> step
Be careful of that stair - it's broken.
stare - verb -> to look at steadily
Don't stare at that woman! It's rude.

steal - steel
steal - verb -> to take unlawfully
I think there should be no punishment for people who steal food to survive.
steel - noun -> metal
Most cars have some steel in their body.

suite - sweet
suite - noun -> large room in a hotel
They stayed in the honeymoon suite.
sweet - adjective -> the opposite of sour
Candy is very sweet.

their - there
their - possessive adjective -> belonging to them
That's their house on the corner.
there - adverb -> at or in that place
Please sit over there.

threw - through
threw - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to throw'
He threw the ball to his father.
through - preposition -> passing from one place to another
He went through the tunnel.

to - too - two
to - preposition -> towards (among many uses)
I went to him and offered my congratulations.
too - adverb -> also
Tom visited New York, too.
two - number -> 2
She bought two magazines and some candy.

vary - very
vary - verb -> to change
Results may vary with daily or weekly use.
very - adverb -> to a high degree
She was very happy to see Jim.

waist - waste
waist - noun -> area between ribs and hips
I need to reduce the fat around my waist.
waste - verb -> to not use well
Don't waste time! Start studying!

wait - weight
wait - verb -> to remain ready for someone or something
Can you wait just a moment?
weight - noun -> an amount of heaviness
I wish my weight were lower.

war - wore
war - noun -> armed conflict
The war in Iraq is damaging relations with the rest of the world.
wore - verb -> past tense of the verb 'to wear'
He wore a beautiful suit to the interview.

wear - where
wear - verb -> to attire
Models generally wear jeans and not the expensive clothes they show on the walkway.
where - question word
Where does he come from?

weak - week
weak - adjective -> opposite of strong
My left arm is very weak. I need to do some exercises.
week - noun -> seven days
My work week is very long and hard.

weather - whether
weather - noun -> the meteorological conditions
The weather has been quite beautiful this week.
whether - conjunction -> whether ... or - indicates an alternative
I don't whether he will come or not.

which - witch
which - question word -> indicating choice among many
Which vacation should we choose?
witch - noun -> magic woman
Sarah was burned as a witch during the Salem Witch Trials.

wood - would
wood - noun -> material coming from trees
The desk is made out of wood.
would - verb -> conditional auxiliary
would like to visit you soon